Gallery » 1951 ex-Mille Miglia, ex-Le Mans, Lancia Aurelia B20GT

Chassis Number B20-1010* is arguably the most famous Aurelia - possibly Lancia - ever made. This is the first chapter of our restoration journey with this incredible car. 

STEP ONE - THE DISCOVERY

Thornley Kelham is privileged to have the ex-Bracco Series 1 Aurelia B20GT sitting in our workshops undergoing a painstaking restoration. Chassis B20-1010, one of 490 first series cars, came second in the 1951 Mille Miglia a matter of days after leaving the factory. This was followed by a class win (by over a lap) at Le Mans that year, various Italian race wins including the Pescara, and in November of that year, entry into the second Carrera Panamericana. In all cases it was driven by Giovanni Bracco, a wealthy privateer with close connections to Gianni Lancia. Unfortunately it crashed out on the fourth day of the Panamericana, having been in a strong position. It was subsequently sold by Bracco to a Mexican architect, Peredo, who rebuilt the car and drove it in the ’52 race, finishing 9th in class.

So how did this amazing car find its way to the Cotswolds?

It perhaps began when Wayne and I first met the eventual owner, an enthusiastic driver and serious collector of classic and vintage cars of various types – united by one factor – they have to be right. He visited us to discuss restoration work on a project he had just purchased - it was definitely a meeting of like minded enthusiasts. As he left I nodded at ’73 DLH’, the Series 3 Aurelia which I bought from Mike Jennings, and which has had significant works done to it since it featured in Niels Jonassen’s eponymous Aurelia book.

‘ If you are serious, you really ought to have an Aurelia in your collection’

“Hmm, yes, let’s wait and see”

We sensed a positive response and returned to this idea over the following weeks. We had (as ever) a couple of Aurelia project cars for sale and hoped to persuade him to take one on. Together with Mark, ace car finder and all round good guy, the idea grew, but with the feeling that finding a car with competition history would be the best option. We threw out a few feelers but, unsurprisingly given how few Aurelias with genuine racing history are out there, came up blank. Our persistence in general paid off however, when our customer agreed to commission us to undertake a full restoration of a Series 3 car, firstly with the idea of creating a Claes replica, but more sensibly agreeing eventually to a non-replica, fast road specification car. 

Then out of the blue came a call from Mark. ‘Remember our search for a competition Aurelia ? Well I think I’ve found one’.

So began our incredible journey.

Mark had, months earlier, contacted (amongst others in his extensive network) an Italian friend about finding a competition Aurelia. And now he had come back to him – very excited. He explained both on the phone and in emotional emails, what he believed he had unearthed – the ’51 Mille Miglia car.  Found in a garage in the USA, the Italian was in the process of arranging to ship the car back to Italy, but via the UK. Although it would be in a bonded warehouse, we would be welcome to go and view the car once it arrived. The car had been bought by the Italian, and would be sold by him.

Of course one never believes these things will work out. My thoughts went something like this:  It can’t possibly be the car… it’s been missing too long….it’s a different car… it is the car, but someone else will buy it…can I  buy it….we’ve got to get it…it can’t be… 

“Can you get to Southend tomorrow afternoon, I’ll meet you there”? So went a call from Mark about 10 days later.

 “We can see the Aurelia and try and verify if it is the real thing. Bring a camera. Don’t call anyone.”

Sitting on a train for a couple of hours on a grey drab day (Kemble to Southend – not recommended) the same thoughts went through my mind a second time. As someone fairly seriously afflicted with ‘Aureliaitis’*, I had known of the car, but had now read a bit more and realised just how important ‘1010’ was in Lancia’s history. Mark was pretty excited too, having done his own research, and so the short journey from the station to the warehouse was done at top speed with non-stop chatter.

The car looked really cool, and pretty weird, and I have to admit to a serious ‘hairs-on-the-back-of-the-neck’ moment. Sitting low on Series 2 wheels and huge tyres with a strange hump back, peeling white paint and bits of rope apparently holding it together, it was definitely an early Aurelia – but was it the Aurelia? The wing line was right, and it had a very early dash with the wonderful (if faded) sunburst dials (no rev counter, but an additional temperature gauge set into the radio blanking plate). There was a section cut away above the windscreen on the driver’s side…

Not much floor left, rusty seat pans, door cards covered with green, then red, and finally grey materials of different kinds – as were the remains of the seat backs. Broken plexiglass side windows…A gold metallic plastic steering wheel – very Mexican….

Moving to the front of the car there were clearly filled-in drill holes in the front shroud and bonnet front which would correspond with bonnet straps as per early photos. I have to admit I was getting excited, and aware that I was in danger of willing the car to be the real thing. But it did seem possible. 

So we opened the bonnet. 

Unbelievable! Apart from a modified rubber water pipe, the engine looked in time warp condition – correct dual throated Solex carbs (together with the floor gear change, pretty much the only performance upgrade from standard road spec.), dented but original – looking air box, and the usual Lancia parts in evidence. Engine number: B20 1009. Chassis number: B20*1010, both stamped into the bulkhead and on the tatty blue plate. We knew they were the numbers we needed to see, but could they be faked? One concern was the strange sea green metallic paint that seemed to coat the whole engine bay despite the apparent originality of the engine itself.

Mark was taking an impressively forensic approach to the whole thing; looking for clues, taking dozens of photos, muttering and commenting about details. A real professional at work, he had done this before, and clearly knew his stuff.  He pointed out evidence of accident damage at the front of the car which did correspond with photos we had already seen of the car on the Panamericana post-accident. Although the car seemed to have been completely stripped at some point and painted in ‘Dulux’ white paint, we eventually found traces of black paint (Mille Miglia colour) in the rear window recesses, and then red overspray in the door  jambs which fits with the story of Lurani insisting on a red finish for Le Mans. 

We were slightly hampered by the fact that this was not our car and so we were unable to dig around too much. Nevertheless the cut away above the driver’s head did suggest a third windscreen wiper, and an unusual fitting on the passenger footwell reminded me of a previous conversation with Nigel Trow about a manual damper setting system on certain competition cars.

Up on the ramps much of the car looked standard and correct, if shot, and again a number of additional lines linked in to the manual damper adjustment idea.

The rear of the car was puzzling. Our previous research had suggested that the car was lowered in the weeks before the South American event, probably in Turin, but period photos showed a sloping rear, which although lower, was the same profile as a standard car. The car in front of us was lowered sure enough, but had been extensively re-profiled to give a beetle-like appearance; very hump-backed and with bulging sides. The rear screen looked wrong, and the boot lid was not an Aurelia item. Likewise the boot floor was incorrect with a non-Aurelia fuel tank, and the whole interior was covered with a very thick coating of underseal.

Paperwork with the car was scant, in a separate box was a very early Aurelia bumper cut in half, a buff Lancia handbook, and numerous small envelopes with Lancia part numbers written on. Also a pencil scribble on an envelope which, if you half –closed both eyes could conceivably read ‘Bracco’….

Despite the inevitable tendency to want to believe this was the real thing, we had a serious responsibility. Our Italian connection had done some further digging and was now convinced of the car’s provenance, but Mark and I had to be sure as sure as we could. But how to be sure? We agreed to go our separate ways and do more research – and Mark was going to call our mutual client.

Over the next couple of days we did turn up some more information, and the car did seem legitimate. We had no idea about the status of the car in terms of price or availability, but the next big call received was simply “He’s gone for it’. The car was staying in the UK. We were pretty sure that a few noses would have been put out of joint, but all we knew was the car was bought and we were going to restore it!

We decided very quickly that there was no rush, and the key was to find out as much as possible. We also knew there would be no shortage of doubters, so we put out a few feelers to senior Lancisti to try and find more on the car. We also invited a handful of the Aurelia ‘brethren’ to come and see the car. Without exception, the reaction has been positive and even joyful.

Over the following weeks we took many measurements and have had a huge slice of help from our old friend Ron Francis, who knows more about Aurelias than I ever will. He has a very complete Series 1 to which he has given us unlimited access. We have used this in several ways. We have undertaken a professional photo shoot, comparing the two cars from all angles, which amongst other things, confirmed our suspicion that the roof has been messed around with post Panamericana – the roof pillars slope inwards much more sharply than in period photos. We also took a fibre glass mould from the offside rear quarter of the standard car for future use. Finally, we are utilising new technology in a really exciting and sympathetic way which will be covered in a future update.

There are already many people to thank for their support, information, enthusiasm and advice. In no particular order they include Ron Francis, Nigel Trow, Paul Mayo, Chris Gawne, Anthony MacLean, Ade Rudler, Ed Godschalk and John Baker.

The brief from our client is clear and misleadingly simple – the car must be restored to look exactly as it did when it rolled up to the start line in Mexico in 1951. And, quite rightly, we must retain as much of the original car as possible. We look forward to the challenge and keeping you updated both in this magazine, and on our website. This first chapter should end with a reminder of the history of this landmark car – a real star in Lancia’s dazzling firmament.

SIGNIFICANT RESULTS FOR B20*1010

23/4/1951           XVIII Mille Miglia                 2nd overall

3/6/1951             Il Coppa della Toscana       9th overall 

10/6/1951          Caracalla Night Race           1st overall 

23-24/6/1951      24 Hours du Mans               1st in class

1/7/1951             IV Coppa Valsassina            4th in class

15/8/1951           Pescara 6 Hour Race           1st overall

 11/51                 2nd Carrera Panamericana        DNF

 All the above results were achieved by Giovanni Bracco with co-drivers

 11/52                 3rd Carrera Panamericana         9th in class  (Peredo)

Recommended Books: Piloti Biellesi by Massimo Fila and Enzo Russo, D24 e le Lancia Sport by Guido Rosani, Carrera Panamericana by Daryl E. Murphy

*If you have to ask what Aureliaitis is, you will never understand.

Step two - the restoration

Our next stroke of luck was making contact with Giovanni De Virgilio. Based in Rome, one of the two sons of Francesco De Virgilio, creator of the Aurelia engine, and a close friend of Bracco. Giovanni is full of knowledge, contacts and enthusiasm for this project, and has become a friend over the past year or so. He is also patient - answering a stream of emails asking for information or opinion. Already we owe him a great deal. 

It was clear that the rear endif the car was an Americanisation - a late 1950s/early'60s 'lead sled'. The rear screen, boot and part of the rear wings of an unknown car had been skilfully grafted onto the car. As the photos show, we had to remove all of this, and, using photos, fibreglass, and the wizardry of 3D Engineers'  scanning, we eventually recreated the rear end profile to the exact profile of the original car. A challenge for Darren and the metalwork team...

We had lengthy discussions with the owner about the general approach to this restoration. He took the brave decision that the car should be restored with the emphasis on preservation rather than replacement. This means that the body, which was in poor shape, has only had the minimum original panel work removed where corrosion was present. Rather than replacing whole panels or sections, we have grafted in repair panels throughout the car.

Once we felt that the body repairs were complete, we called in a panel of Lancia experts to take a look - ultimately they would decide if the car was right. To our relief, it passed with flying colours. And so the car was prepared for paint. Having read the history of the car, we decided,together with the owner, to emulate the history of the paintwork. This meant that the car was given an initial coat of black as per factory original, then painted red, as per the Le Mans specification, and then went back to black, as per the Carrera Panamericana!

Separately Wayne scoured the planet (literally) for the host of original parts needed to make the car as authentic as possible. Amongst other things bumpers (thanks George), lamps, handles, wheels and a host of fittings for the interior and engine bay have been located with the help of friends and suppliers. Many of these parts are hens' teeth rare, but the Bracco story is infectious. 

Trimwork was entrusted to the legendary Rob O'Rourke, and a mighty task it was. We pored over original photos together, looking for clues as to the interior spec. for the Mexico race. Clearly the front seats are not factory original, nor were they covered in Lancia cloth, but 'Rorky' has done an amazing job of recreating the interior.

The signwriting was meticulously researched and completed by Mark Amis to as near to the original as possible, using photos and logos of the period as reference. 

The completed car looks absolutely stunning and made its post-restoration debut at Pebble Beach in California in 2015 in front of a very admiring crowd.

 

 

 

 

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